TitelElements of Open Education: An Invitation to Future Research
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsZawacki-Richter, O, Kerres, M, al., et
JournalInternational Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning

Elements of Open Education: An Invitation to Future Research

authored by "The COER Group, Center for Open Education Research (COER), University of Oldenburg, Germany"

Olaf Zawacki-Richter1, Dianne Conrad2, Aras Bozkurt3, Cengiz Hakan Aydin3, Svenja Bedenlier4, Insung Jung5, Joachim Stöter6, George Veletsianos7, Lisa Marie Blaschke1, Melissa Bond8, Andrea Broens1, Elisa Bruhn1, Carina Dolch1, Marco Kalz9, Michael Kerres10, Yasar Kondakci11, Victoria Marin1, Kerstin Mayrberger12, Wolfgang Müskens1, Som Naidu13, Adnan Qayyum14, Jennifer Roberts15, Albert Sangrà16, Frank Senyo Loglo1, Patricia J. Slagter van
Tryon17, Junhong Xiao18

1University of Oldenburg, Germany, 2Athabasca University, Canada, 3Anadolu University, Turkey, 4Friedrich-Alexander- University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 5International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan, 6University of Oldenburg, Germany, 7 Royal Roads University, Canada, 8 University College London, UK, 9 Heidelberg University of Education, Germany, 10 University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany, 11 Middle East Technical University, Turkey, 12 University of Hamburg,
Germany, 13 The University of the South Pacific, The Republic of Fiji, 14 Penn State University, State College, USA, 15 University of South Africa, South Africa, 16 Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain, 17 East Carolina University, USA, 18 Shantou Radio & Television University, China


Vollständiger Text

This paper explores elements of open education within the context of higher education. After an
introduction to the origins of open education and its theoretical foundations, the topics of open and
distance learning, international education issues in open education, open educational practices and
scholarship, open educational resources, MOOCs, prior learning accreditation and recognition, and
learner characteristics are considered, following the framework of macro, meso, and micro levels of
research in open and distance learning. Implications for future research at the macro, meso, and micro
levels are then provided.

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